Application of aromatherapy
The aromas that are released from the plants and spread in the air contain various biologically active substances. The human body absorbs 3 to 4 mg of aromatic organic substances in one day, which catalyzes the biochemical processes in the body.
Flavors also contain phytonides, which are substances with antibiotic properties. Their wise use by humans since ancient times has helped maintain, strengthen and restore health. Aromatherapy is a healing method by which natural essential oils enter the body through the respiratory tract and skin.
Accepted through the sense of smell, plant aromas have a local effect (nose, nasopharynx, trachea, bronchi, alveoli) and a general effect (neuro-reflex and humoral). Inhaled, volatile phytoorganic substances activate the analyzers of the central nervous system, affect the respiratory, cardiovascular and other systems of the body.
The high penetrating ability of phytoorganic substances in the blood leads to a faster therapeutic effect. Taken through the sense of smell, aromas act 20 times faster and more effectively than taken internally as infusions or teas.
Another way to absorb aromatic substances is through the skin, as a person breathes through it. It has been scientifically proven that the skin is the most important organ through which a number of important vital functions are performed - metabolic, accumulative, secretory, endocrine, immunobiological. Absorbed by the skin, phytoorganic substances enter the blood or the lymph and extracellular space. Due to the multilayered structure of the skin, depending on the individual blood flow, subcutaneous fat, etc., the process of penetration of the active ingredients of the fragrances can last from a few minutes to several hours. As with the sense of smell and absorbed through the skin, aromatic substances have a local-direct and general penetrating effect through the skin.
The speed and strength of the body's reaction depends on the speed of the biologically active substances that have penetrated it. The effect of the therapy is faster when the aromas penetrate through the respiratory system than through the skin.
Aromatherapy in mental health care
There is well-documented evidence of the growing and widespread use of complementary and alternative medicine to treat the symptoms of physical and mental disorders in the Western world.
The evidence base for the efficacy of aromatherapy in the treatment of these disorders remains poor and there are several methodologically rigorous studies. However, some promising results suggest that further studies are needed to explore the potential of essential oils in the treatment of symptoms of anxiety, depression and stress. Experimental inhalation studies are of particular importance as healthcare professionals and consumers need more accurate and scientific information on the effects and safety of essential oils.